Un Agreement Definitions

However, it should not be concluded that contract labelling is without a plan or whim. The name itself may indicate the intended purpose or the restrictions of action accepted by the parties to the agreement. While the actual intent of the parties can often be inferred from the terms of the treaty itself or its preamble, the intended term could give a general reference to that intention. A certain clause in the treaty might indicate that the purpose of the treaty is a higher degree of cooperation than is normally desired for these instruments. Other conditions may indicate that the parties were trying to resolve only technical issues. Finally, the terminology of the treaty could indicate the relationship between the treaty and an earlier or subsequent agreement. Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations states that „any international treaty and agreement reached by a member state of the United Nations after the entry into force of this Charter will be registered and published by the Secretariat as soon as possible.“ All international contracts and conventions registered or registered with the Secretariat since 1946 are published in UNTS. The terms „treaty“ and „international agreements“ covered by Article 102 of the Charter cover the widest range of instruments. Although the United Nations General Assembly has never given a precise definition of these two concepts and has never clarified their mutual relations, Article 1 of the current regulation with respect to Article 102 of the United Nations Charter provides that the registration requirement applies to any international treaty or agreement, „whatever its form and descriptive name.“ In the Secretariat`s practice, in accordance with Article 102 of the United Nations Charter, the terms „treaty“ and „international agreements“ contain a wide range of instruments, including unilateral commitments, such as statements by the new UN Member States that accept the obligations of the United Nations Charter, declarations of acceptance of the mandatory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice , in accordance with Article 36, paragraph 2, of its statute, and certain unilateral declarations that create binding obligations between the reporting nation and other nations. The specific designation of an international instrument is therefore not determinative of the obligation for Member States to register it.

In addition to treaties, there are other less formal international agreements. These include efforts such as the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) and the G7 Global Partnership Against the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Although the PSI has a „declaration of prohibition principles“ and the G7 Global Partnership includes several statements by G7 heads of state and government, it also does not have a legally binding document that sets specific obligations and is signed or ratified by member states. The International Criminal Court (ICC) is responsible for prosecuting those who commit genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. It will also be responsible for the crime of aggression if an agreement is reached on the definition of such a crime.